Australia is the 6th largest country in the world and it ranks high on several scales. It has the world’s 13th largest economy, as well as having the tenth highest income per capita. Australia ranks second in the world in Human Development Index, as a result of having top quality education, health care, and infrastructure. Australia has participated in the second World War, however, the war front was luckily far from most civilian life, and as a result it hasn’t sustained a lot of damage to its architecture and infrastructure.
The country’s special positioning, surrounded by the Pacific and Indian Oceans, has made it a unique spot in terms of weather and nature. Several of its coastal cities are some of the top tourist attractions in the world. But because of Australia’s diversified and strong economy, tourism only accounts for around 3% of the country’s GDP, but the sector is not neglected by the government as it employs a big portion of Australians and is actually growing day by day.
Great Barrier Reef
Australia’s vast landscape and proximity to large oceans has given it a unique collection of both wildlife and marine life. Perhaps the most well known of all reefs around the world, the Great Barrier Reef is the largest of its kind globally and is one of the major tourist attractions in all of Australia. The reef is comprised of almost 3000 different coral reefs as well as several small islands and cays. Several towns on the coast offer accommodation arrangements for tourists as well as being launching pads for cruises out to the reef. Tourists from all over the world visit the reef annually for snorkelling and diving and basking in the amazing marine life within it.
The oldest and largest city in Australia offers more to tourists than just a big city experience. Because Australians know, love, and appreciate their unique wildlife and marine life, Sydney contains several zoos and aquariums as well as is surrounded by several national parks. The Taronga Zoo is considered one of the best worldwide, housing a one of a kind collection of flora and fauna. The Royal Botanic gardens are also home to beautiful arrangements of plants and flowers, as well as several gardens dedicated solely to rare species. Some of the plants included in the garden can actually be traced back to 200 million years ago.
Sydney is a very picturesque city, with top destinations like the Darling Harbour, the iconic Sydney Harbor Bridge, and several others. Tourists can catch a beautiful panoramic view of the city from Sydney’s tallest structure, the Sydney Tower. At 260 meters above the ground, the tower offers several restaurants as well as a beautiful viewing dock.
Sydney is also home to the iconic Queen Victoria Building, built in the late 1890s and today home to over 200 retailers. And of course last but not least, the world-famous Sydney Opera House is a must-see attraction. It was completed in the early 1970s after 16 years of construction. The complex has several concert halls as well as a view of the harbor and several restaurants and cafes.
National Parks in Australia
In line with the country’s love and appreciation of mother nature, Australia is home to several world-class national parks. One of these parks is the Blue Mountains National Park, favored among Australians and tourists as well as a top attraction due to its proximity to Australia’s largest city, Sydney. It’s only an 80 km drive away from the city and it has a lot to offer in terms of scenic views and fun activities for hikers and climbers.
Another beautiful but remote park is the Purnululu National Park, which is home to a uniquely colored formation of rocks. Visitors often camp in this park due to its remote location.
Kakadu National Park is also among the top favorite spots in Australia for tourists, because of its lush, rich forests as well as its flowing rivers and waterfalls. Some of the rock formations in this park are almost 20 thousand years old. The park is also popular among birdwatchers, as it’s home to over one third of bird species in Australia.
The Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park is also a popular tourist attraction as it’s home to one of Australia’s most fascinating rock formations, the Ayers Rock, which stands at 340 m height and is considered by native Australians to be a sacred site due to its unique change of colors with the position of the sun.
Australia is no stranger to beautiful coastal areas, but these islands are a unique experience altogether. The Whitsunday Islands are located on the Great Barrier Reef, making them very conveniently positioned for tourists visiting the Reef, and they are usually visited by such tourists looking to get a few hours of relaxation before resuming their exploration of the Reef. The Whitsunday Islands are a collection of 74 islands, and their quiet and serene quality makes them a perfect spot for visitors regardless of their proximity to the reef. Tourists can relax on the beach, snorkel, dive, or swim to any of the uninhabited 74 islands, or enjoy life in a luxury resort on the main islands. The most popular beach on the islands is the Whitehaven Beach, famous for its signature and world-famous bright white sands.
This island is a unique blend of everything that makes Australia special. The island has it all: a beautiful beach, several shipwrecks, lush forests, sand dunes, and several cliffs and stone formations. Fraser Island is the largest sand island in the world, and it’s only a short ferry ride away from Queensland, which makes it also conveniently close to the Great Barrier Reef. The island is also home to more than 100 freshwater lakes, making it an all around unique experience.
Because it had no lighthouse until 1870, the island is also famous for claiming more than 20 shipwrecks over the years, even some of the wrecks happening after the Sandy Cape Lighthouse was in operation.